Each FFXIV race has its own base stats. Highlander Hyur, Xaela Au Ra and all Hrothgar have the highest strength. Wildwood Elezen, Seeker of the Sun Miqo'te, Rava Viera and Plainsfolk Lalafell have the highest dexterity. All Roegadyn and Hrothgar have the highest vitality. Duskwight Elezen, Veena Viera and Midlander Hyur have the highest intelligence. Keeper of the Moon Miqo'te, Dunesfolk Lalafell, Raen Au Ra and all Hrothgar have the highest mind.
Note that these differences are quite insignificant, especially at end-game when you have hundreds of points of each stat.
As of Stormblood, Piety is no longer a main stat and thus is no longer part of the starting attributes