Runes Farming Guide Combinations — Diablo 2 Resurrected

List of Diablo 2 Runes Drop Rates Rune Combinations Farming Guide
Rune Values by Rarity Rune Cube Recipes Remove Runes From Item

There are 33 runes in Diablo 2 Resurrected. El Rune has the lowest value and Zod Rune has the highest value. The following table ranks the runs from the most common drop rates to the lowest drop rates.

List of Diablo 2 Runes Farming Guide, Drop Rates & Upgrade Recipes

Rank Name Level Weapon Armor/Helm/Shields Drop Rates Boss Difficulty Upgrade Recipes
33 El Rune El Rune 11 +50 AR (Attack Rating), +1 Light Radius +15 Defense, +1 Light Radius 50.0570% The Countess Normal
32 Eld Rune Eld Rune 11 +75 Damage vs. Undead, +50 AR vs. Undead Armor: Lowers stamina drain by 15%.
Shield: +7% Block
35.7067% The Countess Normal 3x El Rune El Rune
31 Tir Rune Tir Rune 13 +2 Mana per kill +2 Mana per kill 25.2019% The Countess Nightmare 3x Eld Rune Eld Rune
30 Nef Rune Nef Rune 13 Knockback +30 DEF vs. Missile 17.3264% The Countess Nightmare 3x Tir Rune Tir Rune
29 Eth Rune Eth Rune 15 -25 Target DEF Regenerate Mana 15% 18.1371% The Countess Nightmare 3x Nef Rune Nef Rune
28 Ith Rune Ith Rune 15 +9 max damage 15% damage taken goes to mana 12.3528% The Countess Nightmare 3x Eth Rune Eth Rune
27 Tal Rune Tal Rune 17 +75 Poison damage/5 sec Armor: +30 Poison Resistance
Shield: +35% Poison Resistance
15.2770% The Countess Nightmare 3x Ith Rune Ith Rune
26 Ral Rune Ral Rune 19 +5-30 Fire Damage Armor: +30 Fire Resistance
Shield: +35% Fire Resistance
10.3674% The Countess Nightmare 3x Tal Rune Tal Rune
25 Ort Rune Ort Rune 21 +1-50 Lightning Damage Armor: +30 Lightning Resistance
Shield: +35% Lightning Resistance
10.8664% The Countess Nightmare 3x Ral Rune Ral Rune
24 Thul Rune Thul Rune 23 +3-14 Cold damage - duration 3 sec Armor: +30 Cold Resistance
Shield: +35% Cold Resistance
7.3346% The Countess Nightmare 3x Ort Rune Ort Rune
23 Amn Rune Amn Rune 25 7% Life stolen per hit Attacker takes 14 damage 6.7373% The Countess Nightmare 3x Thul Rune Thul Rune, 1x Chipped Topaz Chipped Topaz
22 Sol Rune Sol Rune 27 +9 minimum damage -7 damage taken 4.5255% The Countess Nightmare 3x Amn Rune Amn Rune, 1x Chipped Amethyst Chipped Amethyst
21 Shael Rune Shael Rune 29 +20 attack rate Armor: +20 hit recovery
Shield: +20 Faster Block Rate
3.5940% The Countess Nightmare 3x Sol Rune Sol Rune, 1x Chipped Sapphire Chipped Sapphire
20 Dol Rune Dol Rune 31 25% chance that hit causes mob to flee +7 Replenish Life 2.4055% The Countess Nightmare 3x Shael Rune Shael Rune, 1x Chipped Ruby Chipped Ruby
19 Hel Rune Hel Rune -20% Requirements -15% Requirements 1.8576% The Countess Nightmare 3x Dol Rune Dol Rune, 1x Chipped Emerald Chipped Emerald
18 Io Rune Io Rune 35 +10 Vitality +10 Vitality 1.2409% The Countess Nightmare 3x Hel Rune Hel Rune, 1x Chipped Diamond Chipped Diamond
17 Lum Rune Lum Rune 37 +10 Energy +10 Energy 0.9323% The Countess Hell 3x Io Rune Io Rune, 1x Flawed Topaz Flawed Topaz
16 Ko Rune Ko Rune 39 +10 Dexterity +10 Dexterity 0.6222% The Countess Hell 3x Lum Rune Lum Rune, 1x Flawed Amethyst Flawed Amethyst
15 Fal Rune Fal Rune 41 +10 Strength +10 Strength 0.4701% The Countess Hell 3x Ko Rune Ko Rune, 1x Flawed Sapphire Flawed Sapphire
14 Lem Rune Lem Rune 43 +75 Extra Gold from Monsters +50% Extra Gold from Monsters 0.3136% The Countess Hell 3x Fal Rune Fal Rune, 1x Flawed Ruby Flawed Ruby
13 Pul Rune Pul Rune 45 +75% Damage to Demons, +100 AR against Demons +30% Defense 0.2361% The Countess Hell 3x Lem Rune Lem Rune, 1x Flawed Emerald Flawed Emerald
12 Um Rune Um Rune 47 25% Chance of Open Wounds Armor: +15% Resist All
Shield: +22 Resist All
0.1574% The Countess Hell 2x Pul Rune Pul Rune, 1x Flawed Diamond Flawed Diamond
11 Mal Rune Mal Rune 49 Prevent Monster Healing Reduce Magic Damage by 7 0.1352% The Countess Hell 2x Um Rune Um Rune, 1x Topaz
10 Ist Rune Ist Rune 51 +30% Better Chance of Finding Magical Items +25% Better Chance of Finding Magical Items 0.0901% The Countess Hell 2x Mal Rune Mal Rune, 1x Amethyst
9 Gul Rune Gul Rune 53 +20% AR +5% to Max Poison Resist 0.0011% Andariel Hell 2x Ist Rune Ist Rune, 1x Sapphire
8 Vex Rune Vex Rune 55 7% Mana Leech +5% to Max Fire Resist 0.0008% Andariel Hell 2x Gul Rune Gul Rune, 1x Ruby
7 Ohm Rune Ohm Rune 57 +50% Damage +5% to Max Cold Resist 0.0011% Andariel Hell 2x Vex Rune Vex Rune, 1x Emerald
6 Lo Rune Lo Rune 59 20% Chance of Deadly Strike +5% to Max Lightning Resist 0.0004% Andariel Hell 2x Ohm Rune Ohm Rune, 1x Diamond
5 Sur Rune Sur Rune 61 20% Chance on Hit to Blind Target Armor: +5% total Mana
Shield: +50 Mana
0.0004% Duriel Hell 2x Lo Rune Lo Rune, 1x Flawless Topaz Flawless Topaz
4 Ber Rune Ber Rune 63 20% Chance of Crushing Blow Damage Reduced by 8% 0.0002% Duriel Hell 2x Sur Rune Sur Rune, 1x Flawless Amethyst Flawless Amethyst
3 Jah Rune Jah Rune 65 Ignores Target Defense Armor: +5% total Hit Points
Shield: +50 Hit Points
0.0002% Mephisto Hell 2x Ber Rune Ber Rune, 1x Flawless Sapphire Flawless Sapphire
2 Cham Rune Cham Rune 67 32% Chance of Hit Freezing Target for 3 seconds Cannot be Frozen 0.0001% Mephisto Hell 2x Jah Rune Jah Rune, 1x Flawless Ruby Flawless Ruby
1 Zod Rune Zod Rune 69 Indestructible Indestructible 0.00003% Baal Hell 2x Cham Rune Cham Rune, 1x Flawless Emerald Flawless Emerald

Cheap Diablo 2 Resurrected Items

Diablo 2 Rune Combinations

Runewords Allowed Items Runewords Recipes Level Complete Stats
Ancient's Pledge 3 Socket Shields Ral Rune + Ort Rune + Tal Rune 21 +50% Enhanced Defense
Cold Resistance +43%
Fire Resistance +48%
Lightning Resistance +48%
Poison Resistance +48%
10% Damage Goes To Mana
Black 3 Socket Clubs/
3 Socket Hammers/
3 Socket Maces
Thul Rune + Io Rune + Nef Rune 35 +120% Enhanced Damage
40% Chance Of Crushing Blow
+200 To Attack Rating
Adds 3-14 Cold Damage - Cold Duration 3 Seconds
+10 To Vitality
15% Increased Attack Speed
Knockback
Magic Damage Reduced By 2
Level 4 Corpse Explosion (12 Charges)
Fury 3 Socket Melee Weapons Jah Rune + Gul Rune + Eth Rune 65 +209% Enhanced Damage
40% Increased Attack Speed
Prevent Monster Heal
66% Chance Of Open Wounds
33% Deadly Strike
Ignore Target's Defense
-25% Target Defense
20% Bonus To Attack Rating
6% Life Stolen Per Hit
+5 To Frenzy (Barbarian Only)
Holy Thunder 4 Socket Scepters Eth Rune + Ral Rune + Ort Rune + Tal Rune 21 +60% Enhanced Damage
-25% Target Defense
Adds 5-30 Fire Damage
Adds 21-110 Lightning Damage
+75 Poison Damage Over 5 Seconds
+10 To Maximum Damage
Lightning Resistance +60%
+5 To Maximum Lightning Resistance
+3 To Holy Shock (Paladin Only)
Level 7 Chain Lightning (60 Charges)
Honor 5 Socket Melee Weapons Amn Rune + El Rune + Ith Rune + Tir Rune + Sol Rune 27 +160% Enhanced Damage
+9 To Minimum Damage
+9 To Maximum Damage
25% Deadly Strike
+250 To Attack Rating
+1 to All Skills
7% Life Stolen Per Hit
Replenish Life +10
+10 To Strength
+1 To Light Radius
+2 To Mana After Each Kill
King's Grace

3 Socket Swords/
3 Socket Scepters

Amn Rune + Ral Rune + Thul Rune 25 +100% Enhanced Damage
+100% Damage To Demons
+50% Damage To Undead
Adds 5-30 Fire Damage
Adds 3-14 Cold Damage - 3 Second Duration
+150 To Attack Rating
+100 To Attack Rating Against Demons
+100 To Attack Rating Against Undead
7% Life Stolen Per Hit
Leaf 2 Socket Staves Tir Rune + Ral Rune 19 Adds 5-30 Fire Damage
+3 To Fire Skills
+3 To Fire Bolt (Sorceress Only)
+3 To Inferno (Sorceress Only)
+3 To Warmth (Sorceress Only)
+2 To Mana After Each Kill
+ (2 Per Character Level) +2-198 To Defense (Based On Character Level)
Cold Resistance +33%
Lionheart 3 Socket Chest Armor Hel Rune + Lum Rune + Fal Rune 41 +20% Enhanced Damage
Requirements -15%
+25 To Strength
+10 To Energy
+20 To Vitality
+15 To Dexterity
+50 To Life
All Resistances +30
Lore 2 Socket Helms Ort Rune + Sol Rune 27 +1 To All Skill Levels
+10 To Energy
+2 To Mana After Each Kill
Lightning Resistance+30%
Damage Reduced By 7
+2 To Light Radius
Malice 3 Socket Melee Weapons Ith Rune + El Rune + Eth Rune 15 +33% Enhanced Damage
+9 To Maximum Damage
100% Chance Of Open Wounds
-25% Target Defense
-100 To Monster Defense Per Hit
Prevent Monster Heal
+50 To Attack Rating
Drain Life -5
Melody 3 Socket Missile Weapons Shael Rune + Ko Rune + Nef Rune 39 +50% Enhanced Damage
+300% Damage To Undead
+3 To Bow and Crossbow Skills (Amazon Only)
+3 To Critical Strike (Amazon Only)
+3 To Dodge (Amazon Only)
+3 To Slow Missiles (Amazon Only)
20% Increased Attack Speed
+10 To Dexterity
Knockback
Memory 4 Socket Staves Lum Rune + Io Rune + Sol Rune + Eth Rune 37 +3 to Sorceress Skill Levels
33% Faster Cast Rate
Increase Maximum Mana 20%
+3 Energy Shield (Sorceress Only)
+2 Static Field (Sorceress Only)
+10 To Energy
+10 To Vitality
+9 To Minimum Damage
-25% Target Defense
Magic Damage Reduced By 7
+50% Enhanced Defense
Nadir 2 Socket Helms Nef Rune + Tir Rune 13 +50% Enhanced Defense
+10 Defense
+30 Defense vs. Missile
Level 13 Cloak of Shadows (9 Charges)
+2 To Mana After Each Kill
+5 To Strength
-33% Extra Gold From Monsters
-3 To Light Radius
Radiance 3 Socket Helms Nef Rune + Sol Rune + Ith Rune 27 +75% Enhanced Defense
+30 Defense Vs. Missile
+10 To Energy
+10 To Vitality
15% Damage Goes To Mana
Magic Damage Reduced By 3
+33 To Mana
Damage Reduced By 7
+5 To Light Radius
Rhyme 2 Socket Shields Shael Rune + Eth Rune 29 20% Increased Chance of Blocking
40% Faster Block Rate
All Resistances +25
Regenerate Mana 15%
Cannot Be Frozen
50% Extra Gold From Monsters
25% Better Chance Of Getting Magic Items
Silence 6 Socket Weapons Dol Rune + Eld Rune + Hel Rune + Ist Rune + Tir Rune + Vex Rune 55 200% Enhanced Damage
+75% Damage To Undead
Requirements -20%
20% Increased Attack Speed
+50 To Attack Rating Against Undead
+2 To All Skills
All Resistances +75
20% Faster Hit Recovery
11% Mana Stolen Per Hit
Hit Causes Monster To Flee 25%
Hit Blinds Target +33
+2 To Mana After Each Kill
30% Better Chance Of Getting Magic Items
Smoke 2 Socket Chest Armor Nef Rune + Lum Rune 37 +75% Enhanced Defense
+280 Defense Vs. Missile
All Resistances +50
20% Faster Hit Recovery
Level 6 Weaken (18 Charges)
+10 To Energy
-1 To Light Radius
Stealth 2 Socket Chest Armor Tal Rune + Eth Rune 17 Magic Damage Reduced By 3
+6 To Dexterity
+15 To Maximum Stamina
Poison Resistance  +30%
Regenerate Mana 15%
25% Faster Run Walk
25% Faster Cast Rate
25% Faster Hit Recovery
Steel 2 Socket Swords/
2 Socket Axes/
2 Socket Maces
Tir Rune + El Rune 13 20% Enhanced Damage
+3 To Minimum Damage
+3 To Maximum Damage
+50 To Attack Rating
50% Chance Of Open Wounds
25% Increased Attack Speed
+2 To Mana After Each Kill
+1 To Light Radius
Strength 2 Socket Melee Weapons Amn Rune + Tir Rune 25 35% Enhanced Damage
25% Chance Of Crushing Blow
7% Life Stolen Per Hit
+2 To Mana After Each Kill
+20 To Strength
+10 To Vitality
Venom 3 Socket Weapons Tal Rune + Dol Rune + Mal Rune 49 Hit Causes Monster To Flee 25%
Prevent Monster Heal
Ignore Target's Defense
7% Mana Stolen Per Hit
Level 15 Poison Explosion (27 Charges)
Level 13 Poison Nova (11 Charges)
+273 Poison Damage Over 6 seconds
Wealth 3 Socket Chest Armor Lem Rune + Ko Rune + Tir Rune 43 300% Extra Gold From Monsters
100% Better Chance Of Getting Magic Items
+2 To Mana After Each Kill
+10 To Dexterity
White 2 Socket Wand Dol Rune + Io Rune 35 Hit Causes Monster To Flee 25%
+10 To Vitality
+3 To Poison And Bone Spells (Necromancer Only)
+3 To Bone Armor (Necromancer Only)
+2 To Bone Spear (Necromancer Only)
+4 To Skeleton Mastery (Necromancer Only)
Magic Damage Reduced By 4
20% Faster Cast Rate
+13 To Mana
Zephyr 2 Socket Missile Weapons Ort Rune + Eth Rune 21 +33% Enhanced Damage
+66 To Attack Rating
Adds 1-50 Lightning Damage
-25% Target Defense
+25 Defense
25% Faster Run/Walk
25% Increased Attack Speed
7% Chance To Cast Level 1 Twister When Struck
Beast 5 Socket Axes/
5 Socket Scepters/
5 Socket Hammers
Ber Rune + Tir Rune + Um Rune + Mal Rune + Lum Rune 63 Level 9 Fanaticism Aura When Equipped
+40% Increased Attack Speed
+240-270% Enhanced Damage
20% Chance of Crushing Blow
25% Chance of Open Wounds
+3 To Werebear
+3 To Lycanthropy
Prevent Monster Heal
+25-40 To Strength
+10 To Energy
+2 To Mana After Each Kill
Level 13 Summon Grizzly (5 Charges)
Bramble 4 Socket Chest Armor Ral Rune + Ohm Rune + Sur Rune + Eth Rune 61 Level 15-21 Thorns Aura When Equipped
+50% Faster Hit Recovery
+25-50% To Poison Skill Damage
+300 Defense
Increase Maximum Mana 5%
Regenerate Mana 15%
+5% To Maximum Cold Resistance
Fire Resistance +30%
Poison Resistance +100%
+13 Life After Each Kill
Level 13 Spirit of Barbs (33 Charges)
Breath of the Dying 6 Socket Weapons Vex Rune + Hel Rune + El Rune + Eld Rune + Zod Rune + Eth Rune 69 50% Chance To Cast Level 20 Poison Nova When You Kill An Enemy
Indestructible
+60% Increased Attack Speed
+350-400% Enhanced Damage
+200% Damage To Undead
-25% Target Defense
+50 To Attack Rating
+50 To Attack Rating Against Undead
7% Mana Stolen Per Hit
12-15% Life Stolen Per Hit
Prevent Monster Heal
+30 To All Attributes
+1 To Light Radius
Requirements -20%
Call to Arms 5 Socket Weapons Amn Rune + Ral Rune + Mal Rune + Ist Rune + Ohm Rune 57 +1 To All Skills
+40% Increased Attack Speed
+250-290% Enhanced Damage
Adds 5-30 Fire Damage
7% Life Stolen Per Hit
+2-6 To Battle Command
+1-6 To Battle Orders
+1-4 To Battle Cry
Prevent Monster Heal
Replenish Life +12
30% Better Chance of Getting Magic Items
Chains of Honor 4 Socket Chest Armor Dol Rune + Um Rune + Ber Rune + Ist Rune 63 +2 To All Skills
+200% Damage To Demons
+100% Damage To Undead
8% Life Stolen Per Hit
+70% Enhanced Defense
+20 To Strength
Replenish Life +7
All Resistances +65
Damage Reduced By 8%
25% Better Chance of Getting Magic Items
Chaos 3 Socket Claws Fal Rune + Ohm Rune + Um Rune 57 9% Chance To Cast Level 11 Frozen Orb On Striking
11% Chance To Cast Level 9 Charged Bolt On Striking
+35% Increased Attack Speed
+290-340% Enhanced Damage
Adds 216-471 Magic Damage
25% Chance of Open Wounds
+1 To Whirlwind
+10 To Strength
+15 Life After Each Demon Kill
Crescent Moon 3 Socket Axes/
3 Socket Swords/
3 Socket Polearms
Shael Rune + Um Rune + Tir Rune 47 10% Chance To Cast Level 17 Chain Lightning On Striking
7% Chance To Cast Level 13 Static Field On Striking
+20% Increased Attack Speed
+180-220% Enhanced Damage
Ignore Target's Defense
-35% To Enemy Lightning Resistance
25% Chance of Open Wounds
+9-11 Magic Absorb
+2 To Mana After Each Kill
Level 18 Summon Spirit Wolf (30 Charges)
Delirium 3 Socket Helm Lem Rune + Ist Rune + Io Rune 51 1% Chance To Cast Level 50 Delirium (morph) When Struck
6% Chance To Cast Level 14 Mind Blast When Struck
14% Chance To Cast Level 13 Terror When Struck
11% Chance To Cast Level 18 Confuse On Striking
+2 To All Skills
+261 Defense
+10 To Vitality
50% Extra Gold From Monsters
25% Better Chance of Getting Magic Items
Level 17 Attract (60 Charges)
Doom 5 Socket Axes/
5 Socket Polearms/
5 Socket Hammers
Hel Rune + Ohm Rune + Um Rune + Lo Rune + Cham Rune 67 5% Chance To Cast Level 18 Volcano On Striking
Level 12 Holy Freeze Aura When Equipped
+2 To All Skills
+45% Increased Attack Speed
+330-370% Enhanced Damage
-(40-60)% To Enemy Cold Resistance
20% Deadly Strike
25% Chance of Open Wounds
Prevent Monster Heal
Freezes Target +3
Requirements -20%
Duress 3 Socket Chest Armor Shael Rune + Um Rune + Thul Rune 47 +40% Faster Hit Recovery
+10-20% Enhanced Damage
Adds 37-133 Cold Damage 2 sec. Duration (Normal)
15% Chance of Crushing Blow
33% Chance of Open Wounds
+150-200% Enhanced Defense
-20% Slower Stamina Drain
Cold Resistance +45%
Lightning Resistance +15%
Fire Resistance +15%
Poison Resistance +15%
Enigma 3 Socket Chest Armor Jah Rune + Ith Rune + Ber Rune 65 +2 To All Skills
+45% Faster Run Walk
+1 To Teleport
+750-775 Defense
+ (0.75 Per Character Level) +0-74 To Strength (Based On Character Level)
Increase Maximum Life 5%
Damage Reduced By 8%
+14 Life After Each Kill
15% Damage Taken Goes To Mana
+ (1 Per Character Level) +1-99% Better Chance of Getting Magic Items (Based On Character Level)
Eternity 5 Socket Melee Weapons Amn Rune + Ber Rune + Ist Rune + Sol Rune + Sur Rune 63 Indestructible
+260-310% Enhanced Damage
+9 To Minimum Damage
7% Life Stolen Per Hit
20% Chance of Crushing Blow
Hit Blinds Target
Slows Target By 33%
Regenerate Mana 16%
Replenish Life +16
Cannot Be Frozen
30% Better Chance Of Getting Magic Items
Level 8 Revive (88 Charges)
Exile 4 Socket Paladin Shields Vex Rune + Ohm Rune + Ist Rune + Dol Rune 57 15% Chance To Cast Level 5 Life Tap On Striking
Level 13-16 Defiance Aura When Equipped
+2 To Offensive Auras (Paladin Only)
+30% Faster Block Rate
Freezes Target
+220-260% Enhanced Defense
Replenish Life +7
+5% To Maximum Cold Resistance
+5% To Maximum Fire Resistance
25% Better Chance Of Getting Magic Items
Repairs 1 Durability in 4 Seconds
Famine 4 Socket Axes/
4 Socket Hammers
Fal Rune + Ohm Rune + Ort Rune + Jah Rune 65 +30% Increased Attack Speed
+320-370% Enhanced Damage
Ignore Target's Defense
Adds 180-200 Magic Damage
Adds 50-200 Fire Damage
Adds 51-250 Lightning Damage
Adds 50-200 Cold Damage
12% Life Stolen Per Hit
Prevent Monster Heal
+10 To Strength
Gloom 3 Socket Chest Armor Fal Rune + Um Rune + Pul Rune 47 15% Chance To Cast Level 3 Dim Vision When Struck
+10% Faster Hit Recovery
+200-260% Enhanced Defense
+10 To Strength
All Resistances +45
Half Freeze Duration
5% Damage Taken Goes To Mana
-3 To Light Radius
Hand of Justice 4 Socket Weapons Sur Rune + Cham Rune + Amn Rune + Lo Rune 67 100% Chance To Cast Level 36 Blaze When You Level-Up
100% Chance To Cast Level 48 Meteor When You Die
Level 16 Holy Fire Aura When Equipped
+33% Increased Attack Speed
+280-330% Enhanced Damage
Ignore Target's Defense
7% Life Stolen Per Hit
-20% To Enemy Fire Resistance
20% Deadly Strike
Hit Blinds Target
Freezes Target +3
Heart of the Oak 4 Socket Staves/
4 Socket Maces
Ko Rune + Vex Rune + Pul Rune + Thul Rune 55 +3 To All Skills
+40% Faster Cast Rate
+75% Damage To Demons
+100 To Attack Rating Against Demons
Adds 3-14 Cold Damage, 3 sec. Duration
7% Mana Stolen Per Hit
+10 To Dexterity
Replenish Life +20
Increase Maximum Mana 15%
All Resistances +30-40
Level 4 Oak Sage (25 Charges)
Level 14 Raven (60 Charges)
Kingslayer 4 Socket Swords/
4 Socket Axes
Mal Rune + Um Rune + Gul Rune + Fal Rune 53 +30% Increased Attack Speed
+230-270% Enhanced Damage
-25% Target Defense
20% Bonus To Attack Rating
33% Chance of Crushing Blow
50% Chance of Open Wounds
+1 To Vengeance
Prevent Monster Heal
+10 To Strength
40% Extra Gold From Monsters
Passion 4 Socket Weapons Dol Rune + Ort Rune + Eld Rune + Lem Rune 43 +25% Increased Attack Speed
+160-210% Enhanced Damage
50-80% Bonus To Attack Rating
+75% Damage To Undead
+50 To Attack Rating Against Undead
Adds 1-50 Lightning Damage
+1 To Berserk
+1 To Zeal
Hit Blinds Target +10
Hit Causes Monster To Flee 25%
75% Extra Gold From Monsters
Level 3 Heart of Wolverine (12 Charges)
Prudence 2 Socket Chest Armor Mal Rune + Tir Rune 49 +25% Faster Hit Recovery
+140-170% Enhanced Defense
All Resistances +25-35
Damage Reduced by 3
Magic Damage Reduced by 17
+2 To Mana After Each Kill
+1 To Light Radius
Repairs Durability 1 In 4 Seconds
Sanctuary 3 Socket Shields Ko Rune + Ko Rune + Mal Rune 49 +20% Faster Hit Recovery
+20% Faster Block Rate
20% Increased Chance of Blocking
+130-160% Enhanced Defense
+250 Defense vs. Missile
+20 To Dexterity
All Resistances +50-70
Magic Damage Reduced By 7
Level 12 Slow Missiles (60 Charges)
Splendor 2 Socket Shields Eth Rune + Lum Rune 37 +1 To All Skills
+10% Faster Cast Rate
+20% Faster Block Rate
+60-100% Enhanced Defense
+10 To Energy
Regenerate Mana 15%
50% Extra Gold From Monsters
20% Better Chance of Getting Magic Items
+3 To Light Radius
Stone 4 Socket Chest Armor Shael Rune + Um Rune + Pul Rune + Lum Rune 47 +60% Faster Hit Recovery
+250-290% Enhanced Defense
+300 Defense Vs. Missile
+16 To Strength
+16 To Vitality
+10 To Energy
All Resistances +15
Level 16 Molten Boulder (80 Charges)
Level 16 Clay Golem (16 Charges)
Wind 2 Socket Melee Weapons Sur Rune + El Rune 61 10% Chance To Cast Level 9 Tornado On Striking
+20% Faster Run Walk
+40% Increased Attack Speed
+15% Faster Hit Recovery
+120-160% Enhanced Damage
-50% Target Defense
+50 To Attack Rating
Hit Blinds Target
+1 To Light Radius
Level 13 Twister (127 Charges)
Brand 4 Socket Missile Weapons Jah Rune + Lo Rune + Mal Rune + Gul Rune 65 35% Chance To Cast Level 14 Amplify Damage When Struck
100% Chance To Cast Level 18 Bone Spear On Striking
+260-340% Enhanced Damage
Ignore Target's Defense
20% Bonus to Attack Rating
+280-330% Damage To Demons
20% Deadly Strike
Prevent Monster Heal
Knockback
Fires Explosive Arrows or Bolts (15)
Death 5 Socket Swords/
5 Socket Axes
Hel Rune + El Rune + Vex Rune + Ort Rune + Gul Rune 55 100% Chance To Cast Level 44 Chain Lightning When You Die
25% Chance To Cast Level 18 Glacial Spike On Attack
Indestructible
+300-385% Enhanced Damage
20% Bonus To Attack Rating
+50 To Attack Rating
Adds 1-50 Lightning Damage
7% Mana Stolen Per Hit
50% Chance of Crushing Blow
+(0.5 per Character Level) 0.5-49.5% Deadly Strike (Based on Character Level)
+1 To Light Radius
Level 22 Blood Golem (15 Charges)
Requirements -20%
Destruction 5 Socket Polearms/
5 Socket Swords
Vex Rune + Lo Rune + Ber Rune + Jah Rune + Ko Rune 65 23% Chance To Cast Level 12 Volcano On Striking
5% Chance To Cast Level 23 Molten Boulder On Striking
100% Chance To Cast level 45 Meteor When You Die
15% Chance To Cast Level 22 Nova On Attack
+350% Enhanced Damage
Ignore Target's Defense
Adds 100-180 Magic Damage
7% Mana Stolen Per Hit
20% Chance Of Crushing Blow
20% Deadly Strike
Prevent Monster Heal
+10 To Dexterity
Dragon

3 Socket Body Armor/
3 Socket Shields

Sur Rune + Lo Rune + Sol Rune 61 20% Chance to Cast Level 18 Venom When Struck
12% Chance To Cast Level 15 Hydra On Striking
Level 14 Holy Fire Aura When Equipped
+360 Defense
+230 Defense Vs. Missile
+3-5 To All Attributes
+0.375-37.125 To Strength (Based on Character Level)
Increase Maximum Mana 5% (Armor Only)
+50 To Mana (Shields Only)
+5% To Maximum Lightning Resistance
Damage Reduced by 7
Dream 3 Socket Helms/
3 Socket Shields
Io Rune + Jah Rune + Pul Rune 65 10% Chance To Cast Level 15 Confuse When Struck
Level 15 Holy Shock Aura When Equipped
+20-30% Faster Hit Recovery
+30% Enhanced Defense
+150-220 Defense
+10 To Vitality
Increase Maximum Life 5% (Helms Only)
+50 To Life (Shields Only)
+0.625-61.875 To Mana (Based On Character Level)
All Resistances +5-20
12-25% Better Chance of Getting Magic Items
Edge 3 Socket Missile Weapons Tir Rune + Tal Rune + Amn Rune 25 Level 15 Thorns Aura When Equipped
+35% Increased Attack Speed
+320-380% Damage To Demons
+280% Damage To Undead
+75 Poison Damage Over 5 Seconds
7% Life Stolen Per Hit
Prevent Monster Heal
+5-10 To All Attributes
+2 To Mana After Each Kill
Reduces All Vendor Prices 15%!!!
Faith 4 Socket Missile Weapons Ohm Rune + Jah Rune + Lem Rune + Eld Rune 65 Level 12-15 Fanaticism Aura When Equipped
+1-2 To All Skills
+330% Enhanced Damage
Ignore Target's Defense
300% Bonus To Attack Rating
+75% Damage To Undead
+50 To Attack Rating Against Undead
+120 Fire Damage
All Resistances +15
10% Reanimate As: Returned
75% Extra Gold From Monsters
Fortitude

4 Socket Weapons/
4 Socket Chest Armor

El Rune + Sol Rune + Dol Rune + Lo Rune 59

Weapons
20% Chance To Cast Level 15 Chilling Armor when Struck
+25% Faster Cast Rate
+300% Enhanced Damage
+9 To Minimum Damage
+50 To Attack Rating
20% Deadly Strike
Hit Causes Monster To Flee 25%
+200% Enhanced Defense
+X To Life (Based on Character Level)
All Resistances +25-30
12% Damage Taken Goes To Mana
+1 To Light Radius


Chest Armor
20% Chance To Cast Level 15 Chilling Armor when Struck
+25% Faster Cast Rate
+300% Enhanced Damage
+200% Enhanced Defense
+15 Defense
+X To Life (Based on Character Level)
Replenish Life +7
+5% To Maximum Lightning Resistance
All Resistances +25-30
Damage Reduced By 7
12% Damage Taken Goes To Mana
+1 To Light Radius

Grief 5 Socket Swords/
5 Socket Axes
Eth Rune + Tir Rune + Lo Rune + Mal Rune + Ral Rune 59 35% Chance To Cast Level 15 Venom On Striking
+30-40% Increased Attack Speed
Damage +340-400
Ignore Target's Defense
-25% Target Defense
+(1.875 per character level) 1.875-185.625% Damage To Demons (Based on Character Level)
Adds 5-30 Fire Damage
-20-25% To Enemy Poison Resistance
20% Deadly Strike
Prevent Monster Heal
+2 To Mana After Each Kill
+10-15 Life After Each Kill
Harmony 4 Socket Missile Weapons Tir Rune + Ith Rune + Sol Rune + Ko Rune 39 Level 10 Vigor Aura When Equipped
+200-275% Enhanced Damage
+9 To Minimum Damage
+9 To Maximum Damage
Adds 55-160 Lightning Damage
Adds 55-160 Fire Damage
Adds 55-160 Cold Damage
+2-6 To Valkyrie
+10 To Dexterity
Regenerate Mana 20%
+2 To Mana After Each Kill
+2 To Light Radius
Level 20 Revive (25 Charges)
Ice 4 Socket Missile Weapons Amn Rune + Shael Rune + Jah Rune + Lo Rune 65 100% Chance To Cast Level 40 Blizzard When You Level-up
25% Chance To Cast Level 22 Frost Nova On Striking
Level 18 Holy Freeze Aura When Equipped
+20% Increased Attack Speed
+140-210% Enhanced Damage
Ignore Target's Defense
+25-30% To Cold Skill Damage
-20% To Enemy Cold Resistance
7% Life Stolen Per Hit
20% Deadly Strike
3.125-309.375 Extra Gold From Monsters (Based on Character Level)
Infinity 4 Socket Polearms Ber Rune + Mal Rune + Ber Rune + Ist Rune 63 50% Chance To Cast Level 20 Chain Lightning When You Kill An Enemy
Level 12 Conviction Aura When Equipped
+35% Faster Run Walk
+255-325% Enhanced Damage
-(45-55)% To Enemy Lightning Resistance
40% Chance of Crushing Blow
Prevent Monster Heal
0.5-49.5 To Vitality (Based on Character Level)
30% Better Chance of Getting Magic Items
Level 21 Cyclone Armor (30 Charges)
Insight 4 Socket Polearms/
4 Socket Staves
Ral Rune + Tir Rune + Tal Rune + Sol Rune 27 Level 12-17 Meditation Aura When Equipped
+35% Faster Cast Rate
+200-260% Enhanced Damage
+9 To Minimum Damage
180-250% Bonus to Attack Rating
Adds 5-30 Fire Damage
+75 Poison Damage Over 5 Seconds
+1-6 To Critical Strike
+5 To All Attributes
+2 To Mana After Each Kill
23% Better Chance of Getting Magic Items
Last Wish 6 Socket Swords/
6 Socket Hammers/
6 Socket Axes
Jah Rune + Mal Rune + Jah Rune + Sur Rune + Jah Rune + Ber Rune 65 6% Chance To Cast Level 11 Fade When Struck
10% Chance To Cast Level 18 Life Tap On Striking
20% Chance To Cast Level 20 Charged Bolt On Attack
Level 17 Might Aura When Equipped
+330-375% Enhanced Damage
Ignore Target's Defense
60-70% Chance of Crushing Blow
Prevent Monster Heal
Hit Blinds Target
+(0.5 per character level) 0.5-49.5% Chance of Getting Magic Items (Based on Character Level)
Lawbringer 3 Socket Swords/
3 Socket Hammers/
3 Socket Scepters
Amn Rune + Lem Rune + Ko Rune 43 20% Chance To Cast Level 15 Decrepify On Striking
Level 16-18 Sanctuary Aura When Equipped
-50% Target Defense
Adds 150-210 Fire Damage
Adds 130-180 Cold Damage
7% Life Stolen Per Hit
Slain Monsters Rest In Peace
+200-250 Defense Vs. Missile
+10 To Dexterity
75% Extra Gold From Monsters
Oath

4 Socket Swords/
4 Socket Axes/
4 Socket Maces

Shael Rune + Pul Rune + Mal Rune + Lum Rune 49 30% Chance To Cast Level 20 Bone Spirit On Striking
Indestructible
+50% Increased Attack Speed
+210-340% Enhanced Damage
+75% Damage To Demons
+100 To Attack Rating Against Demons
Prevent Monster Heal
+10 To Energy
+10-15 Magic Absorb
Level 16 Heart Of Wolverine (20 Charges)
Level 17 Iron Golem (14 Charges)
Obedience 5 Socket Polearms Hel Rune + Ko Rune + Thul Rune + Eth Rune + Fal Rune 41 30% Chance To Cast Level 21 Enchant When You Kill An Enemy
40% Faster Hit Recovery
+370% Enhanced Damage
-25% Target Defense
Adds 3-14 Cold Damage 3 Second Duration (Normal)
-25% To Enemy Fire Resistance
40% Chance of Crushing Blow
+200-300 Defense
+10 To Strength
+10 To Dexterity
All Resistances +20-30
Requirements -20%
Phoenix 4 Socket Weapons/
4 Socket Shields
Vex Rune + Vex Rune + Lo Rune + Jah Rune 65

Weapons
100% Chance To Cast level 40 Blaze When You Level-up
40% Chance To Cast Level 22 Firestorm On Striking
Level 10-15 Redemption Aura When Equipped
+350-400% Enhanced Damage
Ignores Target's Defense
14% Mana Stolen Per Hit
-28% To Enemy Fire Resistance
20% Deadly Strike
+350-400 Defense Vs. Missile
+15-21 Fire Absorb


Shields
100% Chance To Cast level 40 Blaze When You Level-up
40% Chance To Cast Level 22 Firestorm On Striking
Level 10-15 Redemption Aura When Equipped
+350-400 Defense Vs. Missile
+350-400% Enhanced Damage
-28% To Enemy Fire Resistance
+50 To Life
+5% To Maximum Lightning Resistance
+10% To Maximum Fire Resistance
+15-21 Fire Absorb

Pride 4 Socket Polearms Cham Rune + Sur Rune + Io Rune + Lo Rune 67 25% Chance To Cast Level 17 Fire Wall When Struck
Level 16-20 Concentration Aura When Equipped
260-300% Bonus To Attack Rating
+1-99% Damage To Demons (Based on Character Level)
Adds 50-280 Lightning Damage
20% Deadly Strike
Hit Blinds Target
Freezes Target +3
+10 To Vitality
Replenish Life +8
1.875-185.625% Extra Gold From Monsters (Based on Character Level)
Rift 4 Socket Polearms/
4 Socket Scepters
Hel Rune + Ko Rune + Lem Rune + Gul Rune 53 20% Chance To Cast Level 16 Tornado On Striking
16% Chance To Cast Level 21 Frozen Orb On Attack
20% Bonus To Attack Rating
Adds 160-250 Magic Damage
Adds 60-180 Fire Damage
+5-10 To All Stats
+10 To Dexterity
38% Damage Taken Goes To Mana
75% Extra Gold From Monsters
Level 15 Iron Maiden (40 Charges)
Requirements -20%
Spirit 4 Socket Swords
4 Socket Shields
Tal Rune + Thul Rune + Ort Rune + Amn Rune 25

Weapons
+2 To All Skills
+25-35% Faster Cast Rate
+55% Faster Hit Recovery
Adds 1-50 Lightning Damage
Adds 3-14 Cold Damage 3 Second Duration 
+75 Poison Damage Over 5 Seconds
7% Life Stolen Per Hit
+250 Defense Vs. Missile
+22 To Vitality
+89-112 To Mana
+3-8 Magic Absorb


Shields
+2 To All Skills
+25-35% Faster Cast Rate
+55% Faster Hit Recovery
+250 Defense Vs. Missile
+22 To Vitality
+89-112 To Mana
Cold Resistance +35%
Lightning Resistance +35%
Poison Resistance +35%
+3-8 Magic Absorb
Attacker Takes Damage of 14

Voice of Reason 4 Socket Swords/
4 Socket Maces
Lem Rune + Ko Rune + El Rune + Eld Rune 43 15% Chance To Cast Level 13 Frozen Orb On Striking
18% Chance To Cast Level 20 Ice Blast On Striking
+50 To Attack Rating
+220-350% Damage To Demons
+355-375% Damage To Undead
+50 To Attack Rating Against Undead
Adds 100-220 Cold Damage
-24% To Enemy Cold Resistance
+10 To Dexterity
Cannot Be Frozen
75% Extra Gold From Monsters
+1 To Light Radius
Wrath 4 Socket Missile Weapons Pul Rune + Lum Rune + Ber Rune + Mal Rune 63 30% Chance To Cast Level 1 Decrepify On Striking
5% Chance To Cast Level 10 Life Tap On Striking
+375% Damage To Demons
+100 To Attack Rating Against Demons
+250-300% Damage To Undead
Adds 85-120 Magic Damage
Adds 41-240 Lightning Damage
20% Chance of Crushing Blow
Prevent Monster Heal
+10 To Energy
Cannot Be Frozen
Bone 3 Socket Body Armor Sol Rune + Um Rune + Um Rune 47 15% Chance To Cast level 10 Bone Armor When Struck
15% Chance To Cast level 10 Bone Spear On Striking
+2 To Necromancer Skill Levels
+100-150 To Mana
All Resistances +30
Damage Reduced By 7
Enlightenment 3 Socket Body Armor Pul Rune + Ral Rune + Sol Rune 45 5% Chance To Cast Level 15 Blaze When Struck
5% Chance To Cast level 15 Fire Ball On Striking
+2 To Sorceress Skill Levels
+1 To Warmth
+30% Enhanced Defense
Fire Resistance +30%
Damage Reduced By 7
Myth 3 Socket Body Armor Hel Rune + Amn Rune + Nef Rune 25 3% Chance To Cast Level 1 Howl When Struck
10% Chance To Cast Level 1 Taunt On Striking
+2 To Barbarian Skill Levels
+30 Defense Vs. Missile
Replenish Life +10
Attacker Takes Damage of 14
Requirements -15%
Peace 3 Socket Body Armor Shael Rune + Thul Rune + Amn Rune 29 4% Chance To Cast Level 5 Slow Missiles When Struck
2% Chance To Cast level 15 Valkyrie On Striking
+2 To Amazon Skill Levels
+20% Faster Hit Recovery
+2 To Critical Strike
Cold Resistance +30%
Attacker Takes Damage of 14
Principle 3 Socket Body Armor Ral Rune + Gul Rune + Eld Rune 53  100% Chance To Cast Level 5 Holy Bolt On Striking
+2 To Paladin Skill Levels
+50% Damage to Undead
+100-150 To Life
15% Slower Stamina Drain
+5% To Maximum Poison Resistance
Fire Resistance +30%
Rain 3 Socket Body Armor Ort Rune + Mal Rune + Ith Rune 49 5% Chance To Cast Level 15 Cyclone Armor When Struck
5% Chance To Cast Level 15 Twister On Striking
+2 To Druid Skills
+100-150 To Mana
Lightning Resistance +30%
Magic Damage Reduced By 7
15% Damage Taken Goes to Mana
Treachery 3 Socket Body Armor Shael Rune + Thul Rune + Lem Rune 43 5% Chance To Cast Level 15 Fade When Struck
25% Chance To Cast level 15 Venom On Striking
+2 To Assassin Skills
+45% Increased Attack Speed
+20% Faster Hit Recovery
Cold Resistance +30%
50% Extra Gold From Monsters

Runes can form runewords, powerful combinations of runes, if certain conditions are met:

  • The number of sockets in the item must be equivalent to the amount of sockets needed for the runeword. If there are too many, the runeword will not work.
  • The item type must be correct. Some runewords only work in weapons, while some only work in armors etc.
  • The runes must be inserted in the correct order.

Diablo 2 Rune Farming Guide

Explained: Runes are small stones inscribed with magical glyphs that can be inserted into Socketed Items. Runes are different from other Insertable Items: not only do individual Runes have set magical properties, certain combinations (or Rune Words), when inserted into an item in the proper order, give that item even more wondrous abilities.

There are some specific areas or strategies in Diablo 2 Resurrected that are excellent for farming Runes.

  • The Countess: She is an excellent Enemy to target-farm in order to obtain  low-to-mid Runes. Her rune drop caps at Ist Runes on Hell Difficulty.
  • The Secret Cow Level: Great for single-player farming. Just focus on NOT killing the Cow King, only kill the Hell Bovine. 
  • Travincal: Great Location to obtain up to Cham Runes.
  • Lower Kurast Super Chest: There are a total of six Super Chest in Lower Kurast that can net you up to a Ber Rune. One of the most effective methods for farming up to Ber runes in single-player.
  • Magic Find does not affect Runes drop in any way. It only improves the chances of finding Magic, Rare, Set, and Unique-quality gear.
  • Killing more monsters makes more runes drop.
  • Difficulty settings affect Rune Drops. The higher the difficulty setting selected, the rune drop level will be higher.
  • Can be found in containers.

Diablo 2 Rune Values by Rarity

Tiers Description
Common Runes Runes are listed from most common to least common: El, Eld, Tir, Nef, Eth, Ith, Tal, Ral, Ort, Amn, Shael, and Thul are pretty common. You receive Ral, Ort and Tal as a quest reward in Act V. You shouldn’t trade much for them since you can find them pretty easily with regular play. Don’t fall for the “1 Shael or/+ Amn for 1 SOJ” scam. You can find these yourself. If you’re thinking of freeing up space, throw those Runes away and save all Runes from Sol through Zod.
Semi-Rare Runes Listed from most common to most rare: Sol, Dol, Hel, Io, Lum, Ko, Fal, Lem, Pul, Um. Some of these Runes are more valuable than others depending on their stats and how they are used in Rune Words or Crafted Recipes.
Extremely Rare Runes Listed from most common to most rare: Mal, Ist, Gul, Vex, Ohm, Lo, Sur, Ber, Jah, Cham, Zod. Trade these for good stuff!

Rune Cube Recipes

List of Cube Recipes
1 Tal Rune Tal Rune + 1 Thul Rune Thul Rune + 1 Perfect Topaz Perfect Topaz + Normal Body Armor = Socketed Body Armor of same type
The number of sockets created will vary. The item must be normal and unsocketed. Low-quality items and superior items do not work. The item gets 1-4 sockets, randomly. However, the number of sockets is then restricted by the maximum number of sockets that base item with that ilvl can have. The chance to get X sockets in most armor is 1/4 (I.E: Mage plate has a max of 3 sockets, so it has a 2/4 [1/2] chance to get 3 sockets). The base of 6 was used in the ratios for all the above mentioned areas.
1 Ral Rune Ral Rune + 1 Amn Rune Amn Rune + 1 Perfect Amethyst Perfect Amethyst + Normal Weapon = Socketed Weapon of same type
The number of sockets created will vary. The item must be normal and unsocketed. Low-quality items and superior items do not work. The item gets 1-6 sockets, randomly. However, the number of sockets is then restricted by the maximum number of sockets that base item with that ilvl can have. For example, if you have an item that can only have 2 sockets, there’s a 5/6 chance of getting 2 sockets and a 1/6 chance of getting 1 socket.
1 Ral Rune Ral Rune + 1 Thul Rune Thul Rune + 1 Perfect Sapphire Perfect Sapphire + Normal Helm = Socketed Helm of same type
The number of sockets created will vary. The item must be normal and unsocketed. Low-quality items and superior items do not work. The item gets 1-3 sockets, randomly. However, the number of sockets is then restricted by the maximum number of sockets that base item with that ilvl can have. For example, if you have an item that can only have 2 sockets, there’s a 2/3 chance of getting 2 sockets and a 1/3 chance of getting 1 socket.
1 Tal Rune Tal Rune + 1 Amn Rune Amn Rune + 1 Perfect Ruby Perfect Ruby + Normal Shield = Socketed Shield of same type
The number of sockets created will vary. The item must be normal and unsocketed. Low-quality items and superior items do not work. The item gets 1-4 sockets, randomly. However, the number of sockets is then restricted by the maximum number of sockets that base item with that ilvl can have. For example, if you have an item that can only have 2 sockets, there’s a 3/4 chance of getting 2 sockets and a 1/4 chance of getting 1 socket.
1 Eld Rune Eld Rune + 1 Chipped Gem + Low Quality Weapon = Normal Quality Weapon of same type
ilvl = 1. That is, regardless of what the ilvl was beforehand, it will be set to 1.
1 El Rune El Rune + 1 Chipped Gem + Low Quality Armor = Normal Quality Armor of same type
ilvl = 1. That is, regardless of what the ilvl was beforehand, it will be set to 1.
1 Ral Rune Ral Rune + 1 Sol Rune Sol Rune + 1 Perfect Emerald Perfect Emerald + Normal Unique Weapon = Exceptional Version of Weapon
This formula changes the base item type from the normal to exceptional version. For example an Axe is turned into a Cleaver. This does NOT convert the item to the Exceptional Unique version of the Unique Item. Unique item bonuses remain the same; only the item it’s based on is upgraded. This can be used to upgrade Ethereal Items also. They will continue to be Ethereal after they are upgraded. Also if the item is socketed, then jewels or runes and their mods will also remain.
1 Tal Rune Tal Rune + 1 Shael Rune Shael Rune + 1 Perfect Diamond Perfect Diamond + Normal Unique Armor = Exceptional Version of Armor
This formula changes the base item type from the normal to exceptional version. For example Quilted Armor is turned into Ghost Armor. This does NOT convert the item to the Exceptional Unique version of the Unique Item. So you cannot for example use this formula to transform Greyform into The Spirit Shroud. Unique item bonuses remain the same; only the item it’s based on is upgraded. This can be used to upgrade Ethereal Items also. They will continue to be Ethereal after they are upgraded. Also if the item is socketed, then jewels or runes and their mods will also remain. Armor refers to any sort of armor, including helms, boots, belts, gloves and shields, not just body armor.
1 Lum Rune Lum Rune + 1 Pul Rune Pul Rune + 1 Perfect Emerald Perfect Emerald + Exceptional Unique Weapon = Elite Version of Weapon (Single Player, Ladder Only)
This formula changes the base item type from the exceptional to elite version. For example a Cleaver is turned into a Small Crescent. This does NOT convert the item to the Elite Unique version of the Exceptional Unique Item. Unique item bonuses remain the same; only the item it’s based on is upgraded. This can be used to upgrade Ethereal Items also. They will continue to be Ethereal after they are upgraded. Also if the item is socketed, then jewels or runes and their mods will also remain.
1 Ko Rune Ko Rune + 1 Lem Rune Lem Rune + 1 Perfect Diamond Perfect Diamond + Exceptional Unique Armor = Elite Version of Armor (Single Player, Ladder Only)
This formula changes the base item type from the exceptional to elite version. For example Ghost Armor is turned into a Dusk Shroud. This does NOT convert the item to the Elite Unique version of the Unique Item. Unique item bonuses remain the same; only the item it’s based on is upgraded. This can be used to upgrade Ethereal Items also. They will continue to be Ethereal after they are upgraded. Also if the item is socketed, then jewels or runes and their mods will also remain. Armor refers to any sort of armor, including helms, boots, belts, gloves and shields, not just body armor.
1 Ort Rune Ort Rune + 1 Amn Rune Amn Rune + 1 Perfect Sapphire Perfect Sapphire + Normal (Basic) Rare Weapon = Exceptional Rare Weapon
The item type is upgraded.
1 Ral Rune Ral Rune + 1 Thul Rune Thul Rune + 1 Perfect Amethyst Perfect Amethyst + Normal (Basic) Rare Armor = Exceptional Rare Armor
The item type is upgraded.
1 Fal Rune Fal Rune + 1 Um Rune Um Rune + 1 Perfect Sapphire Perfect Sapphire + Exceptional Rare Weapon = Elite Rare Weapon
The item type is upgraded.
1 Ko Rune Ko Rune + 1 Pul Rune Pul Rune + 1 Perfect Amethyst Perfect Amethyst + Exceptional Rare Armor = Elite Rare Armor
The item type is upgraded.
1 Ort Rune Ort Rune + Weapon = Fully Repaired Weapon
Use this Rune + Your Horadric Cube to repair your weapon. You cannot repair Ethereal items.
1 Ral Rune Ral Rune + Armor = Fully Repaired Armor
Use this Rune + Your Horadric Cube to repair your armor. You cannot repair ethereal armor.
1 Hel Rune Hel Rune + Scroll of Town Portal + Any Socketed Item = Remove items from sockets
Warning: This will destroy any gems, runes, or jewels you have socketed. This is useful if you are not happy with the gems you have socketed and you want to socket the item in another way.
1 Ort Rune Ort Rune + 1 Chipped Gem (any kind) + Weapon = Fully Repaired and Recharged Weapon
You cannot repair ethereal weapons.
1 Ral Rune Ral Rune + 1 Flawed Gem (any kind) + Armor = Fully Repaired and Recharged Armor
You cannot repair ethereal armor. Armor refers to any sort of armor, including helms, boots, belts, gloves and shields, not just body armor.

Remove Runes From Item

You can remove Runes (and Gems and Jewels) from socketed gear by using the following Horadric Cube recipe. This is permanent and will destroy everything in ALL your sockets. Insert items into sockets carefully, and be sure keeping the armor is worth the cost of removing them.

Outcome Cube Remove Recipe
Remove Gems/Runes/Jewels from Sockets
Destroys everything in sockets!
1x Socketed Item with runes/gems/jewels inserted + 1x Hel rune + 1x Scroll of Town Portal

Guides & Tips