There are 33 runes in total, you can farm El Rune as early as Act 1 Normal and the highest tier Zod Rune can be obtained in Act 5 Hell. Farming Runes in these ways:
|#||Name||Level||Drop Rates||Boss||Difficulty||Minimum Treasure Chest Location|
|1||El Rune||11||50.0570%||The Countess||Normal||Act 2 Good treasure class and above|
|2||Eld Rune||11||35.7067%||The Countess||Normal||Act 2 Good treasure class and above|
|3||Tir Rune||13||25.2019%||The Countess||Nightmare||Act 2 Good treasure class and above|
|4||Nef Rune||13||17.3264%||The Countess||Nightmare||Act 2 Good treasure class and above|
|5||Eth Rune||15||18.1371%||The Countess||Nightmare||Act 3 Good treasure class and above|
|6||Ith Rune||15||12.3528%||The Countess||Nightmare||Act 3 Good treasure class and above|
|7||Tal Rune||17||15.2770%||The Countess||Nightmare||Act 3 Good treasure class and above|
|8||Ral Rune||19||10.3674%||The Countess||Nightmare||Act 3 Good treasure class and above|
|9||Ort Rune||21||10.8664%||The Countess||Nightmare||Act 4 Good treasure class and above|
|10||Thul Rune||23||7.3346%||The Countess||Nightmare||Act 4 Good treasure class and above|
|11||Amn Rune||25||6.7373%||The Countess||Nightmare||Act 4 Good treasure class and above|
|12||Sol Rune||27||4.5255%||The Countess||Nightmare||Act 4 Good treasure class and above|
|13||Shael Rune||29||3.5940%||The Countess||Nightmare||Act 5 Good treasure class and above|
|14||Dol Rune||31||2.4055%||The Countess||Nightmare||Act 5 Good treasure class and above|
|15||Hel Rune||–||1.8576%||The Countess||Nightmare||Act 1 (Nightmare) Good treasure class and above|
|16||Io Rune||35||1.2409%||The Countess||Nightmare||Act 1 (Nightmare) Good treasure class and above|
|17||Lum Rune||37||0.9323%||The Countess||Hell||Act 2 (Nightmare) Good treasure class and above|
|18||Ko Rune||39||0.6222%||The Countess||Hell||Act 2 (Nightmare) Good treasure class and above|
|19||Fal Rune||41||0.4701%||The Countess||Hell||Act 3 (Nightmare) Good treasure class and above|
|20||Lem Rune||43||0.3136%||The Countess||Hell||Act 3 (Nightmare) Good treasure class and above|
|21||Pul Rune||45||0.2361%||The Countess||Hell||Act 4 (Nightmare) Good treasure class and above|
|22||Um Rune||47||0.1574%||The Countess||Hell||Act 4 (Nightmare) Good treasure class and above|
|23||Mal Rune||49||0.1352%||The Countess||Hell||Act 5 (Nightmare) Good treasure class and above|
|24||Ist Rune||51||0.0901%||The Countess||Hell||Act 5 (Nightmare) Good treasure class and above|
|25||Gul Rune||53||0.0011%||Andariel||Hell||Act 1 (Hell) Good treasure class and above|
|26||Vex Rune||55||0.0008%||Andariel||Hell||Act 1 (Hell) Good treasure class and above|
|27||Ohm Rune||57||0.0011%||Andariel||Hell||Act 2 (Hell) Good treasure class and above|
|28||Lo Rune||59||0.0004%||Andariel||Hell||Act 2 (Hell) Good treasure class and above|
|29||Sur Rune||61||0.0004%||Duriel||Hell||Act 3 (Hell) Good treasure class and above|
|30||Ber Rune||63||0.0002%||Duriel||Hell||Act 3 (Hell) Good treasure class and above|
|31||Jah Rune||65||0.0002%||Mephisto||Hell||Act 4 (Hell) Good treasure class and above|
|32||Cham Rune||67||0.0001%||Mephisto||Hell||Act 4 (Hell) Good treasure class and above|
|33||Zod Rune||69||0.00003%||Baal||Hell||Act 5 (Hell) containers|
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You can also obtain Runes by using the Horadric Cube recipes.
|#||Outcome||Horadric Cube Recipes|
|2||Eld Rune||3x El Rune|
|3||Tir Rune||3x Eld Rune|
|4||Nef Rune||3x Tir Rune|
|5||Eth Rune||3x Nef Rune|
|6||Ith Rune||3x Eth Rune|
|7||Tal Rune||3x Ith Rune|
|8||Ral Rune||3x Tal Rune|
|9||Ort Rune||3x Ral Rune|
|10||Thul Rune||3x Ort Rune|
|11||Amn Rune||3x Thul Rune, 1x Chipped Topaz|
|12||Sol Rune||3x Amn Rune, 1x Chipped Amethyst|
|13||Shael Rune||3x Sol Rune, 1x Chipped Sapphire|
|14||Dol Rune||3x Shael Rune, 1x Chipped Ruby|
|15||Hel Rune||3x Dol Rune, 1x Chipped Emerald|
|16||Io Rune||3x Hel Rune, 1x Chipped Diamond|
|17||Lum Rune||3x Io Rune, 1x Flawed Topaz|
|18||Ko Rune||3x Lum Rune, 1x Flawed Amethyst|
|19||Fal Rune||3x Ko Rune, 1x Flawed Sapphire|
|20||Lem Rune||3x Fal Rune, 1x Flawed Ruby|
|21||Pul Rune||3x Lem Rune, 1x Flawed Emerald|
|22||Um Rune||2x Pul Rune, 1x Flawed Diamond|
|23||Mal Rune||2x Um Rune, 1x Topaz|
|24||Ist Rune||2x Mal Rune, 1x Amethyst|
|25||Gul Rune||2x Ist Rune, 1x Sapphire|
|26||Vex Rune||2x Gul Rune, 1x Ruby|
|27||Ohm Rune||2x Vex Rune, 1x Emerald|
|28||Lo Rune||2x Ohm Rune, 1x Diamond|
|29||Sur Rune||2x Lo Rune, 1x Flawless Topaz|
|30||Ber Rune||2x Sur Rune, 1x Flawless Amethyst|
|31||Jah Rune||2x Ber Rune, 1x Flawless Sapphire|
|32||Cham Rune||2x Jah Rune, 1x Flawless Ruby|
|33||Zod Rune||2x Cham Rune, 1x Flawless Emerald|
One of the best ways to farm runes is to kill more monsters, so more total items drop. Note that Magic Find has no effect on rune drops, either quality or quantity.
All monsters of the appropriate level can drop Runes, although it’s a rare drop chance. There are only a couple types of monsters/events that have a better chance of yielding Runes, and it’s difficult to target them by anything other than “the higher the better”.
Great farming spots usually have the great monster density to increase the number of boss packs to kill and reduce time spent traveling between enemies.
The only monster in the game with a substantially higher % chance to drop runes in The Countess, found on level five of the Forgotten Tower in the Black Marsh level of Act One.
A few monster types have higher odds of dropping runes because they can not drop armor or weapons, and thus spit out more runes since they have fewer other possible drops. These include Wraiths, Finger Mages, Vulture Demons, Willowisps, and the Swarm. These monsters are worth harvesting while rune farming, but they spawn infrequently and in underwhelming numbers, so few players will find it worth the effort for the slight increase in the odds of finding runes.
|Quest||Farming Runes Guide|
|Forgotten Tower (Act I): The Countess||The quest doesn’t reward Runes, but The Countess has a high chance of dropping Runes:
The Countess has better odds to drop a higher level rune the first time a player kills her on Nightmare or Hell difficulties, when they get credit for completing the quest. This is reflected in the different odds for Io/Ko and Ist/Lo listed above. Her odds of dropping her highest possible runes are always astronomical, but they are slightly better the first time than the other times.
She is capable of dropping up to six runes each death, and will often drop two or three. They’re very unlikely to be higher than Tir or Eth, but reports of two Hels, and a couple of other mid-level runes are not uncommon, so it’s possible.
|Mephisto’s Soulstone (Act IV): The Hellforge||When a character shatters Mephisto’s Soulstone on the Hellforge in Act Four, four gems and one rune drop as part of the quest reward. The runes that may be found from this quest vary by difficulty level. Which one drops is selected randomly from the following possibilities:
Unlike the runes from The Countess, or any other monster drops in the game, the lower level runes are not more common. The odds for Hel or Gul are identical on Hell, 1/11 for each. Cross your fingers.
Be sure to complete this quest when you can get your rune drop, and do not finish it with other players in your party, if they have not finished the quest already. Four gems drop for every character completing the quest, whether they’re near the Hellforge or not, but only one rune will drop for the quest completion, whether one or eight characters are in the party/completing the quest.
|Rescue on Mount Arreat (Act V)||Qual-Kehk rewards the player with three runes: Ral, Ort and Tal.|
Runes also have a low chance to drop from Good treasure chests. Chests are all objects that can contain an item. These include barrels, chests, crates, lootable corpses, hidden stashes, etc. These items have different drop rates and quality of item drops.
Doing chest runs in some areas with a lot of chests is a very good way to find multiple high-quality items, especially runes. While all chests are potentially useful, the super chests are the ones to hit; you’ll find one or two of those near the campfires in Lower Kurast in Act 3, for example.
Lower Kurast Super Chest: There are a total of six Super Chest in Lower Kurast that can net you up to a Ber Rune. One of the most effective methods for farming up to Ber runes in single-player.
There are a lot of “super chests” in the game, ones that can drop multiple items at once. Most super chests are sparkly chests but it’s not a hard and fast rule. Not all super chests sparkle, and not all sparkling chests are super chests.
For example, some sparkly chests are quest chests that contain quest items. These include the Maggot Lair chest, The Spider Cavern Chest, the Kurast Lvl 2 chest, the Ruined Temple chest (Lam Esen’s Tome). These are not real “sparkly chests”.
There are 24 Sparkly Chests within each difficulty level –or a total of 72 on the path to Hell difficulty Baal. There are five chests with identical characteristics in the False Tal Rasha’s Tombs. The Great Marsh has two Sparkly Chests with identical characteristics. The other 17 chests are each individualistic in their drop odds as they are encountered on Normal, Nightmare (NM), and Hell (H) difficulty levels.